Legal THC vape rules need tightening: Here’s why. | Leafly

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In 2019 and 2020,

In the United States, 68 people were killed and 2,807 were injured. As Leafly reported, it was later confirmed by officials of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) that these injuries and deaths were almost entirely related to unlicensed THC vape ammunition purchased from the illegal market.

At the core of the health crisis is a relatively new vape cartridge additive called vitamin E acetate. Unlicensed ink cartridge manufacturers are using this substance (a common ingredient in beard cream) to thicken ink cartridge oil and increase profit margins.

After the poisoning incident, CDC officials said that the first thing the national cannabis regulator can protect public health is to ensure that “chemicals of concern” (such as vitamin E acetate) will not enter the state-licensed THC vape ammunition. Tube supply.

As of early 2021, cannabis regulators have not yet done this.

 A loophole in the THC vape cartridge rules of 15 legal marijuana states that could cause chemical leaks was discovered.

Leafly's investigation of current and upcoming regulations on THC vape cartridges in 15 legal cannabis states shows that more than a year after the vape lung (also known as EVALI or VAPI) crisis, some states have banned the use of vitamin E oil , But no single state has upgraded its THC vape bomb test requirements to the current standards required by all nicotine vape bombs in Europe and Canada.

National cannabis regulators usually require testing for toxins such as pesticides, residual solvents, heavy metals, molds, and bacteria to protect the health of consumers. The manufacturer must also test and disclose the exact potency of each product on the label.

But sometime around the end of 2018, the THC vape cartridge escaped the scope of these safeguards. A wave of new cartridge oil additives, thickeners, thinners, thinners and artificial flavors began to flood the market. Most of the new additives are limited to vape carts in the illegal market, but some have penetrated into the legally regulated market.

These new additives include:

What prevents these toxins from flooding into a legal supply of THC vape? Only the conscience of many authorized vape cartridge manufacturers, and a little luck. No state's regulatory system will ban most new waves of additives.

Even today, due to the existence of huge security loopholes and the complete absence of federal government supervision, the existing national regulations are intricate and complicated, and experts still raise their hands to surrender.

Vape chemistry and regulatory expert David Heldreth Jr. resigned as chief scientific officer of Vape Flavors. "It's painful," he told Leafly. "This is one of the things that the industry has rapidly risen and developed rapidly. It is very difficult to keep up with people's innovations."

CannaCraft, California's largest vape manufacturer, bans the use of non-cannabis ingredients in its products, citing a lack of safety data. However, the only way to prevent the company from adding mystery is the integrity of company officials. Many people in the industry are doing the right thing. Others are less scrupulous. Consumers have almost nothing to say.

Matthew Elmes, a molecular biologist and head of scientific affairs at CannaCraft, said: "I think we have done a good job in many areas, but there is definitely room for improvement." "There are many things that have not been tested, and as consumers, we also I don't know what happened there."

Loopholes where these chemicals can enter have been found in the THC vape filter rules of 15 legal cannabis states.

There are three main categories of these gaps: emissions testing, known toxins, and mysterious additives.

Currently, none of the 15 adult use states and more than 20 medical states require manufacturers to test the vapor coming out of the vape pen. This is the so-called "emission test", which is required for all nicotine atomization products in Europe and Canada.

This is why it is important. Experts say that the emission test can find that the heavy metals found in heavy cannabis oil are not heavy metals in heavy hemp oil, but toxins in the steam produced by inferior equipment or in unsafe mixtures of heavy oil burning.

Arnaud Dumas de Rauly, a Vaping expert and chairman of the International Standards Organization (ISO) Vapor Products Committee, told Leafly: "Each state should conduct an emission test-100%."

Matt Elmes of CannaCraft said: "I personally feel the safest to see these [emission] results." "Many cheaper hardware or pens that operate at higher temperatures are definitely likely to immerse excess heavy metals in the In the oil."

"We are talking about consumer safety. Without it, our industry would perish."

"We are talking about consumer safety," Arnaud Dumas de Rauly added. "Without it, our industry will die."

Emission testing technology already exists. Both Europe and Canada need it. What is missing in the United States? Out of political interest, testing standards will be adopted.

The situation began to change, but the pace was too slow. Next year in 2022, Colorado will become the first state to enforce emissions testing.

No other state in the pipeline has requirements for THC vape emission testing. Even in Colorado, millions of ink cartridges will be sold between now and 2022.

California, the world's largest legal cannabis market, has never been explicitly banned

, Which caused outbreaks of vape injuries in 2019 and 2020. The National Hemp Industry Association (NCIA), the largest industrial trade organization in the United States, recommends that the substance be completely banned. When VAPI was hit, both regulated manufacturers and illegal manufacturers appeared to have stopped using it.

Washington, Colorado and Oregon have banned the use of the substance. But other countries have not followed the law.

In California, state regulators only require manufacturers to disclose vape cartridges containing vitamin E acetate. It's like allowing Coors to add a little bit of gin to each glass of beer, as long as they disclose its presence on the label.

The marijuana regulations in most states never mention the words "addition" or "flavor", which are the two most harmful carriers of the two vape pens found in the lung injury outbreak last year.

Nine years after the legalization of marijuana, Washington State officials finally began to publicly comment on the definition of "flavor" this month and established procedures to prohibit the extraction of toxins from vape cartridges.

Morgan Fox, Director of Media Relations of the National Marijuana Industry Association, agreed with this idea, saying that the establishment of a list of prohibited additives for all states is "appropriate and useful" and a strict and transparent process. Decide which substances will be added or removed from the list.

Many experts stated that state vape safety rules need to be upgraded to new benchmarks based on the precautionary principle. That is: unless proven to be safe for human inhalation, any non-cannabis will be banned.

Rule updates should be made before (not after) the next outbreak of lung injury. This is about strengthening the legal market during the ban collapse.

CannaCraft's Elmes said: "I think the absolute or complete restriction on the types of diluents or additives in inhalable oils should definitely be discussed in future regulations."

Other experts worry about the unintended consequences of the ban. They say that dramatic overexposure could bring millions of consumers into the illegal market, which contains more and more inhaled toxins.

Dr. Jahan Marcu, editor-in-chief of the American Journal of Endocannabinoid Medicine, helped write the American Herbal Pharmacopoeia's brand of cannabis quality assurance. Marcu prefers mixed use bans, suspension measures, mandatory disclosures and permitted additives, depending on the substance.

"We want to avoid going from a bad situation to a potentially worse situation," Marku said. "We need better data on the (current) products on the market."

Before state regulators update the THC vape testing rules, consumers can take some basic steps to minimize the risk of inhaling toxic additives.

These include:

Morgan Fox of the National Cannabis Industry Association said: "I have spoken to many manufacturers who refuse to use any products that are not derived from hemp."

Regarding the provisions of the 2020 vape safety rules. However, when you are standing in front of the salesperson's counter with a large number of customers behind, it is not easy to figure out who these producers are.

Look carefully for vague ingredients. Potentially hazardous or contaminated additives are sometimes labeled as "natural flavors."

The FDA has never approved the use of "natural" "flavors" on lung tissue. Quite the opposite: exploratory research continues to discover new hazards caused by inhaled additives and fragrances.

Marcu, who co-founded Marcu and Aurora, a professional cannabis consulting firm in Washington State, said he currently does not use legal vape pens.

"I don't want anybody's product," he told Leafly. "But in my opinion, unless the company has a good team of toxicologists, I don't believe in most vapes (cartridges) on the market."

Heldreth Jr., the current CEO of cannabis food company Ziese Farms and biotech company Panacea Plant Sciences, also said he is not buying vapes in Washington.

He said: "I generally don't buy them in particular." "When I do, I am always someone who only uses cannabis vape products."

Consumers who want to absorb vapor smoothly without any unknown additives should try to use a dry herbal vaporizer, such as

or

. Such products vaporize the cannabis flower, which has undergone the necessary tests on the legal market. Super safe. For example, Volcano evaporators have been used in FDA-approved trials.

"I totally agree to work in the factory," Dumas de Rauly said.

What we are talking about now is the development of e-cigarettes that were patented in China in the 1990s to today’s popular products: a small can of THC oil that can be screwed into a pen-shaped battery holder. Smoking the cigarette holder triggers a sultry hot element, which heats the oil mixture to produce vapor, but also burns oil.

The legalization of marijuana did a good job of setting the first quality control benchmark for American vape.

Most medical and adult use states have regulations prohibiting the use of pesticides, residual solvents, heavy metals, and molds. That's great.

In 2020, Leafly discovers states with legal vape markets

Than prohibited state. Compared with California or Oregon, the per capita injury rate caused by fogging in Prohibition States such as Utah and Wisconsin is much higher.

However, in order to maintain this safety advantage, regulators need to upgrade their rules to keep up with the times.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Nebulization injury is the largest "respiratory tract epidemic" in the United States in 2019. In 2020, the coronavirus pandemic completely concealed this problem. But as the COVID subsides, the damage of vape is likely to become news again.

That’s because the contaminated vapor has not completely disappeared, Oregon

In December. The profit motive for diluting THC oil has not diminished.

California officials have reported several vape injuries in 2020, which ruled out COVID. After a year of research, Oregon issued an emergency ban in December and recalled contaminated vape in stores.

Legalization of marijuana has become a sport. Unfortunately, the movement picked up some free cargo planes: chemicals were added to the vape supply to make more money.

For example, the text of California Legalization Proposition No. 64 never says the words "additives", "thickeners" or "flavoring agents". So, how does the legalization of THC lead to potentially thousands of other substances being allowed to use?

"This is a very good question," Dr. Marku said. "I think the problem has always been the explosive growth of product differentiation. There is no guardrail provided, and no way to research these products."

Holdres said that because federal research is almost banned, e-cigarette manufacturers, stores, regulatory agencies, and customers often lack chemical and toxicology expertise to regulate themselves.

Hedres said: "This is a misunderstanding of chemistry and health."

In addition, some cannabis lobbyists are trying to ensure that non-marijuana chemicals are allowed in inhaled cannabis products.

Dumas de Rauly said: "This is a crossroads in the development of the industry. More and more lobbyists and some of them don't know anything because we haven't studied it."

Which chemical substances are the cause of the greatest concern? Let's start with the most suspicious chemical substance, and then solve it step by step.

In 2019, the world learned that you can

By diluting pure THC oil. You only need to find a thick, clear, and tasteless paste to deceive consumers and prosper: 10 times the profit. Two main examples,

with

, It seems very poisonous.

Elmes said: "Many people do this just by diluting the product to increase profits." "There are many compounds that people use as diluents in hemp oil, and we don't know the long-term safety of these compounds."

Even to a layman, certain cutting agents seem stupid.

"Squalene-who would add shark liver oil to a vape? I mean that doesn't make sense at all.

"I absolutely forbid the use of MCT oil. It has proven to be toxic to inhalation."

Squalene is allowed on the skin or eaten because the skin or stomach uses a protective layer or enzymes to filter or degrade toxins. Lung tissue does not have such layers or enzymes.

The ISO chairperson himself agreed to suspend the use of squalene in vape, "saying,'Until someone proves that it is safe, it is now banned-maybe this will get marijuana companies out of trouble and conduct research."

In addition to these two major chemicals of concern, some states also ban the use of MCT oil, while others do not.

Dumas de Rauly will ban the use of MCT oil. "I absolutely forbid the use of MCT oil. It has been shown to be toxic to inhalation," he said.

Since the 1990s, old-fashioned cutting agents have appeared in e-cigarettes: vegetable glycerin (VG), propylene glycol (PG) and polyethylene glycol (PEG).

Dumas de Rauly will ban PEG and suspend VG and PG, although PG may prove safe to inhale.

But here, Marcu, an expert at boutique cannabis and psychedelic consulting firm Marcu and Aurora, once again warned of "irreplaceable substitutes."

He said that regulators should mark these additives as "under review" because the current early research lacks vitality.

"We have gone through a regrettable cycle of substitutions, and now the situation has not improved."

"I just want to know what its toxicity is before getting rid of it. We have gone through a regrettable cycle of substitutions, and the situation is not getting better now." Marku said.

"We went from PEG with known risks to MCT oil to something that we know very little about vitamin E acetate. Where does it end?" Marcu added. "I think that when you generate some data, a suspension or ban is feasible."

Cannabis science is keen to study the aroma molecules of terpenes in pots. The cannabis plant produces more than 100 kinds of terpenes, and nature produces thousands of terpenes.

Sometimes cannabis companies try to enhance the flavor by adding additional terpenes (whether from cannabis or not).

At other times, the company tried to save money by using terpenes that were cheaper than cannabis. Low-cost non-cannabis terpenes may be low-grade and contaminated with toxins,

Show.

NCIA's Morgan Fox said: "[Third-party terpene producers] are barely as regulated as the cannabis industry."

Dumas de Rauly said that the vape company is buying off-the-shelf terpenes without testing their purity.

"You need to do due diligence on the supplier, no one does it. They say,'Hey, let me mix it up. If it tastes good, I will buy it." Dumas de Rauly Say.

Cannabis terpenes have two types of small molecules: monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes. They are more thermally stable.

Elms says that non-cannabis terpenes can be bigger. Heating some larger molecules (such as the triterpene squalene) will destroy it, resulting in new "more dangerous" compounds.

In addition, artificially high concentrations of cannabinoid terpenes (such as liene) may themselves be toxic and do not require pollution. In nature, terpenes account for less than 5% of the weight of weeds.

Dumas de Rauly recommends that the upper limit of terpene content in vape oil is 15%. This limit varies by terpene.

Dumas de Rauly (Dumas de Rauly) said: "Some terpenes above a certain concentration will be degraded into carcinogenic volatile organic compounds." "Sometimes we should use no more than X% in the product Terpenes. When there is more, you will get some bad products."

Two other terpene additive problems have arisen.

Even the low unheated concentration of certain rare cannabinoid terpenes can cause problems. Terpenes

Proved to be toxic to rats in a new small inhalation study. Heldreth said that the use of plant alcohol additives in Canadian THC vapor has actually been banned.

Non-cannabis terpenes may be slightly different from cannabis terpenes, but they have a certain meaning. Hedres said there is a difference between the "L-limonene" and "D-limonene" produced by cannabis.

In addition, terpenes can be "chiral", i.e. left-handed or right-handed versions. Chiral molecules are mirror images of each other, but are not equivalent. Sometimes the left-handed and right-handed versions do completely different dangerous things. (For example, Google "thalidomide".)

Jerdez said certain versions of terpenes may prove to be more dangerous to inhalation. "This is groundbreaking science, and it hasn't even been made public."

On the contrary, in some cases, non-cannabis terpenes are safer, Marcus. We don’t know that we need to breathe in science.

"What we need to figure out is: dosage, hazards and risks," Marcu said.

Finally, thousands of chemical flavoring agents that are only allowed to be used in the stomach are entering the lungs.

Think about your grape flavor, bubble gum flavor-it turns out they are safe to eat, not anger. However, many state laws allow THC vape to use them. Voters did not legitimize this.

Elmes of CannaCraft said it was time to shut out these flavors.

"The full-spectrum hemp oil itself has a very good flavor. I think there is no reason to risk your health just by adding some artificial flavors," he said.

Dumas de Rauly said that after years of smoking nicotine, there are safety data for certain flavors. For example, synthetic strawberry flavor can be made into non-carcinogenic substances.

However, these non-marijuana chemicals are not specifically legalized by voters.

If you want to legalize the non-hemp grape flavor in THC vapes, please try to amend the law or take a new initiative.

Due to the vacuum of the federal leadership, synthetic strawberries and skin cream ingredients are leaking into our legal THC vape supply. At the same time, fast-growing industries are eliminating outdated national rules or lacking these rules.

At the top, the federal government owns

As the main regulator of all electronic drug delivery systems. Electronic cigarettes have existed since the 1990s. A generation later, the FDA declared in 2021 that it has the authority of billions of nicotine atomization industries.

The federal marijuana ban means that the federal government has no say in the THC vape component of the country's huge multi-billion-dollar illicit market.

Where the federal government has supervision, they do not exercise supervisory power. So far, the FDA lacks

As long as there is no nicotine or other drugs in it, its content should be lower than a CBD vape pen with a THC content of less than 0.3%. Add any beard cream you want.

NCIA's Fox said: "It would be nice to get guidance from the federal government." "Because many [state regulators] don't necessarily have a knowledge base for such products-let alone non-cannabis products."

Heather Despres, a cannabis quality control expert, scientist, and director of the "Patient Centered Certification" (PFC) program of the leading advocacy organization "Safe Access for Americans", agrees.

"The patchwork of the states makes it difficult. If there is some kind of minimum federal production standard, then I think it will definitely help the states to shift their attention to things that really affect patients and consumers. help."

The federal bureaucracy wants more research on the hazards of pot, not legalization, standards and guidelines. They outlined

This is one of the most arduous tasks in science.

At the same time, looking at the vaping regulations in each state can reveal your expectations: it's like a pack of sliced ​​Swiss cheese. Each slice has slightly different holes.

Alaska requires testing of basic ingredients such as efficacy, pesticides, solvents, metals, and molds. However, the rule does not mention the biggest suspects of lung injury in the past two years: additives and flavoring agents. The laboratory does not have to test it.

Arizona's cannabis regulations require testing for old-fashioned pollutants: potency, heavy metals, microbes, pesticides, etc.

However, the Arizona regulations never mention vitamin E acetate, squalene or the term "additive" for vape, nor the terms "incense", "terpene" or "emission test".

In California, the world’s largest legal market, regulators have never banned the use of vitamin E acetate, the US Centers for Disease Control

Injured in 2019

California has not banned squalane and squalene, and Oregon regulators suspect this is related to their injuries. California has not banned MCT oil like Colorado, Washington and Oregon.

Instead, California regulators pointed out ingredient disclosure requirements.

In a statement to Leafly, BCC said: “The CDPH regulations require all ingredients (and sub-ingredients, if applicable) to be disclosed on the label, which allows consumers to make informed choices about the products they buy and use.”

However, expert Josh Wurzer, head of SC Labs, said that state cannabis laboratories do not need to test harmful additives.

"I can tell you for sure that it has not been routinely tested. If someone does, it won't be detected during the compliance test."

According to Elmes et al., any potential toxin may pass California's world-class regulations: vitamin E acetate, squalane, MCT oil or PEG.

"I can tell you for sure that it has not been routinely tested," Elmes said. "If someone does this, they won't be discovered during the compliance test."

California also has not formulated an emission test scheduled to begin in Colorado in 2022. Testing the vapor instead of the original oil will show that heavy metals are immersed in the vapor channel, or dangerous new chemicals created by burning a mixture of additives, flavors and THC.

"I fully support the Colorado mentality," said Elms of Canakraft Airport. "The vape aerosol emission test will tell you 1) the vape oil you use is clean, and 2) the hardware you use is clean."

CannaCraft said California officials should take immediate action to ban the use of dangerous additives and flavorings in vape pens. CannaCraft uses only pure hemp oil and hemp-derived terpenes in the cartridge.

The inaction of the government has also damaged consumer confidence. Even though CannaCraft may advertise its purity, consumers cannot confirm its purity, “unless you pay for it out of your pocket and ask the laboratory to check your product,” Elmes said.

He said that BCC should start testing the product's ingredient labeling accuracy on the shelves of state laboratories.

Colorado was the first state to conduct emissions testing and won the trophy, but the program is only one year away. The state also has the most bans on these new chemicals.

Colorado bans the use of vitamin E acetate, MCT oil, and PEG. Non-plant terpenes are also banned.

However, it is not yet clear what is going on with plant terpenes (such as those in olive trees or lemons), or how the government handles artificial flavors. And Colorado's pesticide regulations are not perfect.

On the one hand, certain pesticides are banned and tested, but Colorado also has a list of permitted pesticides.

The Illinois marijuana regulations cover the basics, but don’t mention the second wave of adulteration. Illinois tests molds, fungi, pesticides, solvents and efficacy. The rules do not mention "additives", "flavors", non-cannabis terpenes or other new hazard vectors.

Due to its large illegal market, Illinois had some of the highest vape injury rates in the country in 2019. The state’s laws are scheduled to begin on January 1, 2020.

Maine has been underestimating its medical marijuana industry for years, and then slowly proceeding to legalize implants for adult use. The store opened in October 2020, and there are only two authorized laboratories serving the state. The state provides the usual panels: potency, mold, fungus, solvent and metal.

Maine has

Test "toxin" and "toxin". However, the second-generation vape contaminants (additives, flavoring agents, etc.) are not mentioned in the rules or mandatory tests.

Massachusetts laboratories provide vitamin E acetate testing, but state laws or regulations do not make this mandatory. The same loophole applies to other additives. There are mandatory disclosure requirements, but the laboratory does not have to verify the complete disclosure.

Pesticides are allowed in cannabis in Massachusetts, but must comply with the ban list. Laboratories are required to screen pesticides that are not on the list.

Michigan's transition from an unregulated medical marijuana industry to a regulated adult use marijuana industry in 2019 coincided with the rise in lung injuries. The legislature there banned the use of vitamin E acetate, and some laboratories offered to test it.

Michigan also recalled contaminated medical marijuana vapes pens, which were eventually sold on store shelves for adults.

The state's regulations never mention "additives" or "flavoring agents" or suspected toxins such as squalene, MCT oil or PEG.

Montana will continue its adult use program this year. According to its medical rules, the state tested first-generation pollutants including pesticides and solvents. The rule never mentions "additives", "flavors" or other second-generation vape hazard vectors.

Nevada cannabis has done a good job of improving quality on the illegal market. The state conducts tests on pesticides, metals and general products. However, Nevada has never banned the use of vitamin E acetate, and its regulations did not mention this new generation of adulterants.

New Jersey is trying to legalize adult use in 2021, but its medical marijuana era vape rules also need to be updated. The state requires testing for tetrahydrocannabinol, pesticides, heavy metals, etc. But the rule does not mention additives or thickeners, diluents or flavoring agents such as terpene purity.

Cannabis regulation is the most relaxed in western Oregon, so most confirmed cases of lung injury are attributed to licensed products.

Therefore, it is not shocking that Oregon hopes to evolve from the "permitted until proven harmful" paradigm of vape to the "banned until proven safe" paradigm.

In December, regulators urgently banned squalane, squalene and MCT oil. The use of vitamin E acetate is also prohibited.

This year, Oregon's regulator hopes to develop a narrow list of permitted ingredients, rather than a growing list of prohibited ingredients. But the timetable is unclear.

Before that, Oregon vapers must test the purity of their vape, or trust the company's self-disclosure. No laboratory testing of newly banned ingredients is required.

Voters in South Dakota approved the legalization of medical and adult use laws in 2020, but the state must establish these systems or set rules for them. In the near future, the state will remain an illegal market for e-cigarettes.

Vermont is a perfect example of the danger of decriminalization. It is legal to own and grow marijuana, but it cannot be purchased. All commercial marijuana in the state is illegal and has not been tested.

Washington cannabis quality assurance has problems with vape injuries in 2019 and 2020.

In 2020 lung injury, the legislators

The law clearly states that regulators can prohibit non-weeds in weeds.

Washington officials "have specific authority to prohibit the use of any additives, solvents, ingredients or compounds in the production and processing of cannabis vapor products, and prohibit any equipment used with cannabis vapor products."

First, Washington has never obtained pesticides from marijuana. Washington has a list of permitted pesticides, but does not require laboratories to test banned pesticides. There is even no concentrate because the pesticide content in the concentrate may be higher.

Heldreth Jr said that the regulator did conduct some secret shopping and testing, and found banned pesticides in store products, but consumers did not know which pesticides. In contrast, companies like Seattle Pharmacy Uncle Ike spend a lot of money to check pesticides for customers. In 2020, Uncle Ike tested more than 50 vitamin E carts on the market, all carts

Washington did ban the use of vitamin E oil in vapors and requested disclosure of squalene, MCT oil, flavorings, etc.

Consumers can take a legal pen to the laboratory and pay the additive test fee to see if the label is accurate, but this did not happen. He said: "[The manufacturer] may be in trouble, but it is unlikely to happen."

This year, Washington officials will agree on what "terpene" is, what "taste" is, and the definition of a procedure for banning unsafe additives.

"As far as I know, I personally refuse to use vape for anything that is not full cannabis or any similar products."

A lobbyist wanted to add menthol, a non-cannabis ingredient. Hedres said: "This is an incredible chemical reaction of people."

How comfortable should legal smokers in Washington be? He is not that good.

Public

Heldreth wrote: “As a former employee of a company, I add flavor to vaping. I can attest to the danger of allowing non-cannabis ingredients to enter the market. As I know, I personally refuse Use vape for cannabis stuff or any similar product."

Although consumers are vocally banning the use of non-marijuana chemicals in inhaled cannabis, companies can go beyond simply saying that they contain no additives. They can spend more money to test additives in the laboratory and publish the results.

"I'm not talking about potency testing," said Marku of the American Journal of Endocrine Drugs. "I'm talking about actual data about your product, which proves the reason why you want to put something in it."

"We have 3 reasons

Third-party testing in every industry. Show me the data, put it there, show us how to collect the data to attract your opinion. "

NCIA's Fox also stated that the company can deploy anti-counterfeiting measures, such as QR codes, to further separate contaminated pens in illegal markets from tested pens in stores.

Most vape damage comes from street products, but users usually can’t tell

The company is actively conducting emission tests to check the performance of the pen. It should be more.

NCIA's Morgan Fox said: "I think it is very important to conduct emissions tests on a regular basis." "Especially any changes in their supply chain."

For example, CannaCraft conducts emissions testing. Elms said: "It is difficult for us to find a laboratory that can do it." "It's expensive."

CannaCraft can promote these results, further strengthen the brand's safety requirements and attract safety-conscious shoppers.

"When the federal law becomes law, what do you think will happen? What do you think the FDA will say? They will demand all of this."

Heather Despres, the American Safe Visit, agreed. "It's up to you to prove that your product is safe. This is laboratory testing. Companies that take these additional steps can provide people with test results. It's not necessary to say "I am organic", but to show it."

Marcu said Vape must also become smarter-hire toxicologists and epidemiologists when developing drugs. "Basically, I want them to hire the two least popular people in the conference room at any given time to provide data to guide the company's decision-making, just like every other major product that we see human consumption. ."

Companies that hire the right experts for reliable testing will prosper as legalization develops. Dumas de Rauly said that companies that do not fail will fail.

"When the federal law becomes law, what do you think will happen? What do you think the FDA will say? They will want all of this. Now, [e-cigarette companies] have made the exact same mistake as the nicotine e-cigarette industry five years ago-think you Will be out of trouble because you will pay the lobbyists. This is not true. We are talking about people’s health."

The security issue may be a call for unity between the two parties to legalize the state to conduct research, set standards and establish national benchmarks for old schools

New school pollutants.

Compared with the ban, legalization has brought a huge leap in product safety. Legal countries must maintain this leading position.

NCIA’s Fox said: “I think it’s easy to maintain even if it’s not improved.”

From the world of dietary supplements (it must prove that it is harmful) to the world of pharmaceutical drugs (it must prove that it is safe), the United States is gradually declining.

Dumas de Rauly said this is a good thing, similar to vaccine development.

"Look at Pfizer. Even for the vaccine we urgently needed a year ago, how long does it take to eliminate it? One year. This is three times faster than the normal vaccine. Why? Because people put it in their own bodies."

“Now, in the atomization, I can literally go to Alibaba to buy hardware, I can buy fecal products from local producers, extract the extracts myself, and sell them legally with a license. Do you think it’s normal? ?"

"We can start with the checklist: Have you conducted toxicology research? Have you done so? Basic checklist. This is common sense."

ASA's Despres said that regulators need to keep a better pace with the rapid development of the industry.

"I have tested products where people never thought that someone would put cannabinoids in them. This is a challenge for regulators in this field. The pace of development of regulations is different from the rate of development of products, so we need to figure out how Make it harmonized."

David Downs serves as the California bureau chief of Leafly.com, responsible for news and lifestyle reporting. He has written books for "Wired", "Rolling Stone" and "Billboard", is the former cannabis editor of the San Francisco Chronicle, and the author of several cannabis books, including Ed Rosenthal and David · "Cannabis Harvest" by Downs. He co-organized The Hash podcast. TW: @davidrdowns | IG @daviddowns

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